Cannabis produces many compounds called Cannabiniods. We don’t know the exact number but sceintists believe it’s somewhere in the neighborhood of 300-400 different compounds. You are probably familiar with THC, CBD and maybe CBN but there are many other compounds in Cannabis that are being discovered daily, especially with the legalization of Cannabis sprouting up everywhere.
8 Major Cannabinoid Acids Produced by Cannabis
Cannabis doesn’t directly make the most famous cannabinoids associated with the plant, THC and CBD. Instead, it synthesizes several cannabinoid acids (Figure 1). These cannabinoid acids must be “activated” (decarboxylated), usually by heat, to yield the compounds that most consumers are after (THC or CBD). But in addition to THCA and CBDA, there are number of related cannabinoid acids that can be produced by Cannabis. These are:
CBGA (Cannabigerolic acid)
THCA (Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinolic acid)
CBDA (Cannabidiolic acid)
CBCA (Cannabichromenenic acid)
CBGVA (Cannabigerovarinic acid)
THCVA (Tetrahydrocanabivarinic acid)
CBDVA (Cannabidivarinic acid)
CBCVA (Cannabichromevarinic acid)
Figure 1: Biosynthetic pathway resulting in production of cannabinoid acids. Each cannabinoid acid can be subsequently decarboxylated into a corresponding cannabinoid, such as THC, CBD, or THCV.