AKA “pheno.” This term refers to the appearance and behavior that an organism’s environment pulls from its genetic code. Different phenotypes of cannabis grown in different environments could differ in color, size, shape, aroma, potency, and resin production even though they are grown from seeds of the same genetics. When a phenotype is found with desirable traits, it is cloned to produce offspring of identical genetics. These clones will show identical characteristic to the parent phenotype if grown in the same environment.
Hemp (AKA industrial hemp) refers to a genotype of the cannabis sativa species that has been bred for high tensile strength and low levels of THC (less than .3%.) Hemp has been spun into fiber for thousands of years and can be refined into a variety of commercial items. It’s recently become desirable as an abundant source of CBD, as CBD levels in hemp far exceed those in its sibling, marijuana.
CBD (Cannabidiol) is one of at least 113 active cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant. CBD does not seem to have any psychoactive effects on the human body and may actually have a downregulating impact on the disordered thinking and anxiety caused by THC. CBD is still being studied, but so far there seem to be many medical applications for the compound including anti-anxiety and as an antipsychotic. CBD is legal as it can be derived from hemp rather than marijuana flowers.
Feminized seeds are seeds that are guaranteed to grow female cannabis plants. Female plants are far more desirable than males as they grow the cannabinoid-rich flowers called marijuana. When feminized seeds are grown in complete isolation from pollen producing males, the resulting unfertilized flowers contain no seeds and a high concentration of trichomes. Feminized seeds can be made by using stress, colloidal silver, or gibberellic acid to force a female plant to produce pollen, then using that pollen to germinate another female plant. The offspring of these two females will always be female, thus feminized seeds.
One of the few marketing terms held over by marijuana dealers in illegal markets, “exotic” refers to higher end marijuana strains that are less commonly found and may exhibit unique characteristics. When marijuana distribution was underground, dealers would carry “mids,” “dro,” and “exotic” at increasing price points. Today, exotics are sometimes referred to as “boutique” and can have different aromas, colors, or potency. However, they are often just considered to be a preferable product compared to other strains sold by a single dispensary. There isn’t currently an industry standard as to what strains are “exotic.”
When referring to cannabis, a landrace is a genetically pure strain cultivated in its natural environment that has never come into contact with another strain. Landraces can be the product of several generations and even thousands of years of natural selection. Because they have never experienced the sudden introduction of new genetics, landrace strains adopt the characteristics most ideally suited for the region where they were grown. This makes landrace strains unique and easily identifiable. These unique aromas, tastes, and effects make landraces desirable by cannabis connoisseurs even if they aren’t necessarily of a higher quality or potency than strains that have been modified by selective breeding.